Thursday, 28 June 2012

Setting up Nuclear Power Plant at Fatehabad: agitation vs public interest


gfj;k.kk esa lwpukfoghu Hkw&Lokfe;ksa ds
ijek.kq la;a= fojks/kh vkanksyu dh [kqyrh ijrsa 

gfj;k.kk jkT; ds ftyk Qrsgkckn ds xksj[kiqj vkSj vklikl ds pkj vkSj xkaoksa dh tehu dks ljdkj blfy;s ysuk pkgrh gS ogka fctyh cukus ds fy;s ijek.kq ÅtkZ ls pyus okys fo”kkydk; la;a= yxk;s tk,a- ogka lryqt ls ikuh ykus okyh LoPN ikuh dh ,d cM+h ugj gS ftlesa vkus okys ikuh dks fctyh dh Vjckbu pykus ds fy;s bLrseky fd;k tk;sxkA tehu vf/kxzg.k dh izfØ;k vHkh iwjh ugha gqbZ gSA [kcj gS fd U;wfDy;j ikWoj dkiksZjs”ku vkWQ bafM;k us] tks fd Hkkjr ljdkj dk ,d miØe gS] gfj;k.kk ljdkj dh ekQZr vkxkeh 17 vkSj 18 tqykbZ dks tulquokbZ ds nkSjku mu fdlkuksa dks eqvkot+s dk #i;k ckaVus dk dk;ZØe r; fd;k fd;k gS tks fd vf/klwpuk ds ckn dkuwuu vf/kxzfgr dh tkus okyh tehu ds Lokeh gSa- ekywe gqvk gS fd bl dke dks vatke nsus ds fy;s ljdkj us 760 djksM+ #i;s dh /kujkf”k dk bartke Hkh dj fy;k gS- xksj[kiqj ds Hkw&Lokeh fiNys 18 eghuksa ls bl ^dBksj* ljdkjh fu.kZ; ds fo#) ,d ,slk uSfrd ;q) NsM+s gq, gSa ftlds rgr os 1503 ,dM+ Hkwfe dks ijek.kq la;a= yxkus ds fy;s ugha nsuk pkgrs- dsUnz ljdkj vkSj Hkkjr ljdkj ds ijek.kq ÅtkZ foHkkx ds v/khu dk;Zjr U;wfDy;j ikWoj dkiksZjs”ku ls gq, djkj ds rgr gfj;k.kk ljdkj us Hkw&vf/kxzg.k ls ysdj eqvkot+k ckaVus rd dh izfØ;k vkSj ijek.kq la;a= dh LFkkiuk dk jkLrk [kksyus ds fy;s t:jh iz”kkldh; t:jrsa dqN gn rd rks iwjh dj yh gSa vkSj ckdh ds fy;s dkjZokbZ gks jgh gS- ijek.kq ÅtkZ ls fctyh iSnk djus okys la;a=ksa dh LFkkiuk dks ysdj lu 1977&78 ls gh ns”k esa fojks/k dh gok cguh “kq: gks xbZ Fkh tc fnYyh fLFkr tokgjyky usg: fo”ofo|ky; esa lsaVj QkWj lkbal ikWfylh ds izksQSlj /khjsUnz “kekZ us mRrjizns”k ds ftyk cqyUn”kgj esa ujksjk xkao esa xaxk unh ds fdukjs yxus okys ijek.kq la;a= dks yxkus dk fojks/k fd;k Fkk- mudk fojks/k] ftlesa vusd Nk=ksa us Hkh lfØ; :i ls fgLlk fy;k Fkk] dkQh eq[kj vkSj rhoz Fkk- ns”k esa ml le; ;g ubZ ckr Fkh- cqf)thfo;ksa ds bl fojks/k dks O;kid tuleFkZu gkfly ugha gqvk Fkk blfy;s ljdkj us ijek.kq ,taMk tkjh j[kk- ujksjk esa ijek.kq ÅtkZ la;a= yxk;k x;k tks vkt Hkh pkyw gS- blesa ljdkj dh dksbZ ftn vFkok cqf)thfo;ksa dh ckr dks xyr lkfcr djus tSlk dqN ugha Fkk- ogh] [krjksa okyh iqjkuh ckrsa mBk;h xbZ Fkha vkSj dky&dfYor gksus dh vugksuh&lh laHkkouk,a O;Dr dh xbZ Fkha- [kqnk ds [kSj ls ugha cfYd ijek.kq bathfu;jksa dh gksf”k;kjh vkSj ubZ rduhdksa dh miyC/krk ,oa mi;ksx dh otg ls gh ujksjk la;a= vkt rd lqjf{kr jgk gS- ls¶Vh vkWfMV fjiksVsaZ &;fn mu ij Hkjkslk fd;k tk;s rks] ;g crkrh gSa fd ujksjk IykaV dk ls¶Vh fjdkMZ iz”kaluh; Lrj dk jgk gS-  

ujksjk la;a= dh LFkkiuk ds dqN le; ckn vejhdk esa Fkzh&ekby vkbyS.M esa fLFkr ,d ijek.kq ÅtkZ pkfyr fctyh la;a= esa ls bathfu;jksa dh vlko/kkuh ls gqbZ cM+h nq?kZVuk ds ckn jsfM;ks,fDVo xSlksa dk fjlko gqvk ftlls dqN ekSrsa gqbZa vkSj vklikl ds okrkoj.k esa jsfM;ks/kfeZrk Hkh QSy xbZ FkhA blds ckn lu 1980 ds n”kd ds var esa lksfo;r :l esa psuksZckby ds ijek.kq ÅtkZ la;a= esa gqbZ nq?kZVuk vc rd dh lcls Hk;kud ekuh xbZ gS ftlesa fj;sDVjksa dks fuf’Ø; djus ds reki mik; csdkj fl) gq, vkSj var esa muij ØaØhV dh eksVh pknj fcNkdj ?kkrd jsfM;ks/kehZ rRoksa ,oa xSlksa ds fjlko dks ^lhy* fd;k x;k- [kSj eukb;s fd fj,DVj dk esYVMkmu ugha gqvk vU;Fkk ijek.kq baZ/ku ds vfu;af=r fo?kVu ls bruh xehZ iSnk gksrh fd /kjrh dh ^dksj* Hkh izHkkfor gksrh- ;wa rks blds ckn nqfu;k esa ijek.kq fctyh mRiknd la;a=ksa esa dbZ NksVh nq?kZVuk,a gqbZa ysfdu ,d o’kZ ls dqN vf/kd le; gqvk tc tkiku esa Qqdqf”kek esa fLFkr ijek.kq fctyh?kj ,d cM+s izkd`frd gknls dk f”kdkj gqvk- iz”kkar egklkxj esa }hi ds iwohZ fdukjs ij fLFkr ijek.kq la;a= lwukeh ygjksa dh pisV esa vk x;k ftlls blds fj,DVj dks gkfu gqbZ Fkh- ifj.kkeLo:i la;a= ls Hkkjh ek=k esa jsfM;ks,fDVo inkFkksaZ dk mRltZu gksus yxk vkSj og vklikl ds bykdksa esa gok ds cgko ds lkFk QSyus yxkA “kqØ ;g jgk fd gok dk cgko if”pe ls iwoZ dh vksj Fkk vFkkZr leqnz dh vksj] vU;Fkk vkcknh vkSj /kjrh ij ekStwn vU; thou Hkh bldh pisV esa vkrs- bl nq?kZVuk dh otg ls u dsoy i;kZoj.k vkSj HkkSfrd lalk/kuksa dh Hkkjh rckgh gqbZ Fkh oju dkQh vkfFkZd uqdlku Hkh gqvk- bl nq?kZVuk ds dkj.kksa dks le> fy;k x;k gS- vc VsDuksykWth esa okafNr ifjorZu djds bls vf/kd lqjf{kr djus esa enn feysxh- ifj.kkeksa ij O;kid “kks/k vkSj leh{kkRed dke fiNys ,d lky esa gqvk gS ftlds ckjs esa VsDuhdy fjiksVsaZ rks cuh gh gSa] nqfu;k dh ukeh “kks/k if=dkvksa &tSls fd lkbal vkSj uspj] esa Hkh bl ckjs esa vusd fjiksVksaZ vkSj leh{kkRed ys[kksa dk izdk”ku fd;k x;k- Qqdqf”kek nq?kZVuk dh bl lky gqbZ igyh cjlh ij fQj ls vusd leh{kkRed ys[kksa dk izdk”ku ;g n”kkZrk gS fd ijek.kq bathfu;jksa vkSj oSKkfudksa ds vUrjk’Vªh; leqnk; us bls fdruh vgfe;r nh gS-

Qqdqf”kek nq?kZVuk ds ckn ls tkiku dh ljdkj us ;g izfrKk yh gS fd ns”k esa ekStwn lHkh ijek.kq la;a=ksa dks ,d&,d djds can fd;k tk;sxk vkSj muds eycs dks lqjf{kr fBdkus ij nck fn;k tk;sxk- blds fodYi ds rkSj ij ns”k esa lkSj ÅtkZ ds O;kid bLrseky ij tksj fn;k tk;sxk- vc gksrk D;k gS vkSj fdruk fd;k tkuk laHko gS ;g rks vxys nks&rhu n”kdksa ds ckn gh crk py ldsxk ysfdu Qqdqf”kek ijek.kq la;a= dh nq?kZVuk us nqfu;k Hkj esa ijek.kq ÅtkZ ds izfr vusd ljdkjksa dk eksgHkax djus] fodYiksa dks dkjxj cukus] u;s fodYi <wa<us] ekStwnk ijek.kq la;a=ksa ds izfr uhfr;ksa &lqj{kk vkSj u;s la;a=ksa dh LFkkiuk laca/kh] iz;qDr baZ/ku ds eycs dks fBdkus yxkus tSlh leL;kvksa dh leh{kk vkfn tSls elyksa dks iquxZfBr djus ds fy;s rks izsfjr fd;k gh- ;s dksbZ de xaHkhj fo’k; ugha gSa] [kklrkSj ij Hkkjr tSls fodkl”khy ns”kksa ds fy;s tgka u;s ijek.kq ÅtkZ la;a=ksa dks yxk;s tkus dh t:jr vkSj Hkw[k vHkh cjdjkj gS- ysfdu t:jr vkSj ikWfylh ds elys bruh vklkuh ls ugha lqy>rs ftruk vketu lksprk gS- blds ntZuksa igyqvksa tSls fd rduhd dk Lrj] vuqla/kku ,oa fodkl dh {kerk,a vkSj laHkkouk,a] vkSj i;kZoj.k dh lqj{kk tSls elyksa ij lkekftd] vkfFkZd vkSj dwVuSfrd elyksa ls igys gh ppkZ gks tkrh gS- la;ksx gh gS fd bUgha fnuksa Hkkjr dh rsth ls fodkl”khy vFkZO;oLFkk ÅtkZ dh deh tSls elyksa dks >syus ds ckn ;g tksj nsus ij vkenk gqbZ utj vkth gS fd ijek.kq ÅtkZ dk bLrseky djds vf/kd fctyh dk mRiknu fd;k tk;s- fctyh mRiknu ds fy;s dks;ys vkSj [kfut rsy ,oa xSl ls pyus okys ÅtkZ mRiknu la;a=ksa dh viuh lhek,a vkSj rduhdh {kerk,a gksrh gSa- ns”k esa ijek.kq ÅtkZ dk fodYi tc vpkud vklku utj vkus yxk Fkk rHkh rfeyukMq esa daqnudqye vkSj egkjk’Vª esa tSrkiqj esa O;kid vkSj tksjnkj tuvkanksyu blds fojks/k esa mB [kM+s gq, ftUgsa dkcw djus esa ljdkjh veys dks dkQh oDr vkSj tksj yxkuk iM+k Fkk- KkrO; gS mDr nksuksa LFkkuksa ij la;a=ksa dk fMtk;u vkSj ijek.kq baZ/ku :l ls ,d le>kSrs ds rgr izkIr gksuk gSA blh flyflys esa gfj;k.kk esa ftyk Qrsgkckn ds xksj[kiqj xkao dh Hkwfe esa yxus okys ijek.kq la;a= dks ysdj tufojks/k mB [kM+ gqvk Fkk ftls [krjksa vkSj gkfy;k Qqdqf”kek ds lanHkZ esa dqN “kfDr izkIr gqbZ- ns[kk tk;s rks rjDdh ds fy;s ÅtkZ dh t:jrsa iwjh djus ds fy;s ns”k ds rduhdhfon lHkh lalk/kuksa dh miyC/krk] i;kZoj.k ij blds laHkkfor vljksa vkSj lekt dh izfrfØ;k dk iwokZdyu djds gh dke “kq: djrs gSa- fctyh ds fcuk fdlh Hkh izdkj dk e”khuh dke vklku ugha gksrk- lHkh tu lqfo/kkvksa dh ekax djrs gSa ftUgsa lqfuf”pr djus ds fy;s ikWoj dh t:jr iM+rh gS- mPp oksYVst+ vkSj vkSj “kfDr yks&ÝhDosUlh ij gh fctyh ykbuksa ls nwjorhZ bykdksa rd Hksth tk ldrh gS- lksyj iSuYl ls gkbZ oksYVst+ dh ikWoj iSnk ugha dh tk ldrh- bls vke tu dks le>uk t:jh gS- bysfDVªdy ikWoj iSnk djus esa vHkh rd lksyj la;a=ksa ds fy;s mPp {kerk okys iSuYl dk fodkl ugha fd;k tk ldrk gS- oSls Hkh vketu dh tkudkjh dk Lrj vkSj le> ijek.kq oSKkfudksa vkSj bathfu;jksa dh cfuLir vR;kf/kd U;wure Lrj dk gksrk gS vkSj muesa bl ckjs esa fu.kZ; ysus dh {kerk Hkh ugha gksrh- ysfdu ijek.kq bathfu;jksa vkSj turk ds chp tc ljdkj vkrh gks vkSj ns”k esa turkaf=d O;oLFkk gks yksxksa ds fojks/k ls fuiVus ds fy;s rkdr dh ugha cfYd cqf)pkrq;Z dh t:jr gksrh gS- ,slk ugha gS fd turkaf=d ns”kksa esa vketu fcYdqy csodwQ fdLe dk gksrk gS vFkok mldh tkudkjh ds Lrj dks U;wu ekudj mldh jk; dks [k+kfjt dj fn;k tkrk gS cfYd laokn vkSj rduhd ds izn”kZu ds jkLrs ls tulgefr tqVkus dh izfØ;k “kq: dh tkrh gS- vketu ds izfrfuf/k;ksa ls tkudkjh dks lk>k fd;k tkrk gS rkfd tksf[ke vkSj Qk;ns ds varj dks Bhd ls le>k tk lds- blh flyflys esa blh twu ekg esa fglkj esa fglkj izsl Dyc ds lnL;ksa ds lkFk foKku izlkj uked laLFkk us ,d dk;Z”kkyk dk vk;kstu fd;k Fkk tksfd miyC/k tkudkjh ds vuqlkj T;knk dkjxj lkfcr ugha gqvk- blesa pksfV ds ijek.kq bathfu;kjksa dh Hkkxhnkjh ugha gqbZ vkSj yksdfiz; rjhds ls i=dkjksa dks ,slh tkudkjh nh xbZ ftlds ckjs esa vf/kdrj dks igys ls ekywekr gkfly Fkh- dksbZ Hkh tkudkjh ,slh ugha Fkh ftls i=dkj ca/kq baVjusV ij lfQZax djds xwxy tSlh ikiqyj oSclkbV ls gkfly djus esa vleFkZrk eglwl djrs gksa-

gfj;k.kk esa ijek.kq la;a= dks ysdj bl le; izHkkfor yksxksa esa gh vkØks”k fn[kk;h nsrk gS vkSj fNViqV rkSj ij dqN cqf)thfo;ksa us bl ekeys dk v/;;u djds viuh jk; Hkh nh gS] ysfdu ljdkjh ra= ds lkeus ;s iz;kl “kfDrghu vksj fu’izHkkoh izrhr gksrs gSa- pan cqf)thfo;ksa us tks dgk gS mldk lkj ;g gS fd ,d rks Hkw&Lokfe;ksa dh tehu ds ,ot+ esa eqvkot+s ds :i esa nh tkus okyh okyh /kujkf”k i;kZIr gksuh pkfg;s vkSj nwljk ;g fd Hkwfe ls cs&n[ky gksus ds ckn orZeku Hkw&Lokfe;ksa vkSj mudh Hkkoh ihf<+;ksa ds fy;s vkthfodk ds lapkyu ds rkSj ij ,d iSdst+ fodflr fd;k tk;s tks fd ,d le>kSrk nLrkost] vFkkZr eseksjsUMe vkWQ vaMjLVsafMax]ds :i esa rS;kj gks- nksuksa i{k] vFkkZr ,d vksj rks U;wfDy;j ikWoj dkiksZjs”ku ds vf/kdkjh vkSj nwljh vksj tui{k ds pquhank izfrfuf/k bl ij gLrk{kj djsa xokg ds rkSj ij ftldh e/;LFkrk gfj;k.kk ljdkj djs- bl nLrkost dks dkuwuh rkSj ij ekU;rk gks rkfd dksbZ Hkh i{k ckn esa eqdj u tk;s- ,e-vks-;w- dk izk:i tkudkj yksx rS;kj djsa ftls dkuwufonksa dh lEefr Hkh feys- ns[kk x;k gS fd cM+h ifj;kstukvksa esa mtM+us okys yksxksa ds fy;s vHkh rd iquLFkkZiuk ds uke ij dksbZ ,slk iSdst fodflr ugha fd;k x;k gS ftlds lgkjs rRdkfyd rkSj ij izHkkfor yksx vkSj mudh Hkkoh ihf<+;ksa dks viuh vkthfodk pykus ds fy;s fdlh fdLe dk vHkko vkSj deh eglwl u gks- vkthfodk dk LFkk;h lzksr fNu tkus ds ckn Hkh os u;s lzksr ds lgkjs vkfFkZd l”kDrrk gkfly dj ik;sa- blds fy;s muesa rduhdh vkSj jkstxkjksUeq[k f”k{kk dh vksj izsfjr djds l{ke cukuk gksrk gS- gekjs lektfoKkuh] vFkZ”kkL=h vkSj ;kstukdkj brus detksj rks ugha gks ldrs fd ,d vkn”kZ iquLFkkZiuk iSdst dk izk:i rS;kj u dj ik;sa\

[kSj] xksj[kiqj vkSj iM+kSlh xkaoksa dh Hkwfe esa u;k U;qfDy;j ikWoj IykUV u yxkus gsrq tukØks”k dh /kqjh bl le; xksj[kiqj xkao gS tks fd gfj;k.kk esa f”kokp xks= ds tkVksa dk ^rik* ekuk tkrk gSA f”kokp xks= ds yksxksa dh [kki ds bl eqf[k;k xkao ls gh buds lHkh egRoiw.kZ ekeyksa ij ppkZ gksdj QSlys fy;s tkrs gSaA bu xkaoksa ds eqf[k;k fiNys 18 eghuksa ls Hkh T;knk le; ls Qrsgkckn ftyk eq[;ky; ds dk;kZy; ds lkeus “kkafriwoZd /kjus ij cSBs gq, gSa- “kkjhfjd v{kerk dh otg ls /kjus ij cSBus okys yksxksa esa ls rhu O;fDr;ksa dh ekSr Hkh vc rd gks pqdh gS- ljdkjh izfrfuf/k;ksa ls okrkZ ds vusd nkSj Hkh gq;s gSa- ljdkj vius ,taMs ij dk;e gS vkSj mrjksRrj dkjZokbZ dks vkxs c<+krh jgh gS tcfd tuizfrfuf/k;ksa dk dguk gS os ,d bap Hkwfe Hkh ijek.kq la;a= yxkus ds okLrs nsus dks rS;kj ugha gSa- xkM+h vVdh gqbZ yxrh gS- u rks ljdkj viuk joS;k vkSj ;kstuk cnyus dks rS;kj gS vkSj u gh xkaooklh iqj[kksa ls pyh vk jgh Hkwfe dh LFkk;h fefYd;r NksM+us dks rS;kj utj vkrs gSa- Hkw&Lokfe;ksa ds izfrfuf/k;ksa us gky gh esa vius vkØks”k dks ,d u;k eksM+ fn;k gS ftlds rgr laiw.kZ gfj;k.kk esa ftyk Lrj ij viuh lksp ds izfr leFkZu gkfly djus ds fy;s os fe=ksa ds lkFk foe”kZ ds fy;s cSBdksa dk vk;kstu djsaxs- ,slh nks&pkj cSBdsa ukjukSy vkSj jsokM+h ftyk eq[;ky;ksa ij gks xbZ gSa ftuesa os ,d ,sls ekud ipsZ dk forj.k djrs ik;s x;s gSa ftldk etewu ijek.kq ÅtkZ ds [krjksa ds ,sfrgkfld vkdyu ds vykok blds vkfFkZd ,oa lkekftd ljksdkjksa ds ckjs esa tkudkjh;qDr gS- ;g dsoy ladfyr tkudkjh gS ftlls bls tqVkus okyksa ds rduhdh vkSj oSKkfud vYiKku dk irk pyrk gS- bl ipsZ dks ,d Lrjh; nLrkost ugha ekuk tk ldrk] ysfdu viuh ckr dks fyf[kr rkSj ij is”k djus dk ;g ,d ekU; tfj;k rks gS gh- bl ipsZ esa nh xbZ tkudkjh dk v/;;u djus ls irk pyrk gS fd blds ys[kd vFkok ys[kdx.kksa us ijek.kq ÅtkZ ls lacaf/kr dsoy ,d gh i{k dks mtkxj fd;k gS- og Hkh T;knkrj dsoy rhu nq?kZVukvksa &Fkzh ekby vkbyS.M ¼vejhdk½] psuksZckby ¼lksfo;r :l½ vkSj Qqdq”khek ¼tkiku½ ds lanHkZ esa- ladyudrkZvksa dks Hkkjr ds ijek.kq ÅtkZ laLFkkuksa ds ckjs esa dksbZ [kkl tkudkjh ugha feyh gksxh D;ksafd ;gka budh xfrfof/k dks T;knkrj Nqik dj j[kk x;k gS- laln esa Hkh budk ctV dHkh is”k ugha gksrk vkSj u gh ppkZ esa vkrk gS- dsoy ijQkesaZl ctV gh lnu ds iVy ij j[k fn;k tkrk gS ftls ,der ls vdlj fcuk ppkZ ds Lohdkj dj fy;k tkrk gS- ;g egdek “kq: ls gh iz/kkuea=h ds lh/kk fu;a=.k esa jgrk vk;k gS- [kSj] blesa xksj[kiqj vkSj vklikl ds xkaoksa ds fdlku Hkw&Lokfe;ksa dk rks dksbZ dlwj ugha gS] ysfdu ;g dkfcys xkSj gS fd Hkkjr esa lu 1978 ds ckn ls pys pkj&ikap tuvkanksyuksa ds ckoywn vHkh rd bl egdesa esa VªkLisjsalh uke dh dksbZ pht vfLrro esa ugha vk;h gS- lHkh ckrsa lqj{kk ds uke xksiuh;rk ds yckns esa fyiVh jgh gSa- vkf[kjdkj vius ns”k ds LFkk;h fuoklh vkSj ftEesokj ukxfjdksa ls] [kklrkSj ij ml voLFkk tcfd mudk thou vkSj Hkkoh ihf<+;ksa dk vfLrRo ,oa vkthfodk nkao ij yxh gks rks vkeus&lkeus cSB dj tkudkjh &[kklrkSj ij rduhd vkSj lqj{kk ls lacaf/kr] lk>k djus esa D;k ,rjkt+ gks ldrs gSa\ ijek.kq la;a= ds fy;s p;fur {ks= esa LFkk;h :i ls izHkkfor gksus okys leqnk;] O;olk;h vkSj ogka ls vU; dkjksckj djus okys ukxfjdksa dks ;g laoS/kkfud vf/kdkj ¼lwpuk ds vf/kdkj ds rgr½ rks gS fd os ;g tku ysa fd izLrkfor ijek.kq la;a= dk fMt+k;u fdl izdkj dk gksxk] mlds fy;s iz;qDr rduhdksa dk Lrj dkSu lk gksxk] yxk;h tkus okys la;a=ksa dh lqj{kk dk Lrj dSlk gksxk vkSj D;k ;s Bhd ls tkaph&ij[kh xbZ rduhdsa gksaxh vFkok ,dne u;s izdkj dh ftudk ls¶Vh ysoy vHkh r; fd;k tkuk ckdh gS\ tkfgj gS xksj[kiqj bykds ds fdlkuksa vkSj muds i<+s&fy[ks rcdksa esa Hkh bl ckjs esa dksbZ [kkl le> ugha gksxh vU;Fkk tks nLrkost os vc ldqZysV dj jgs gSa mlesa bu iz”uksa dks t:j mBk;k x;k gksrk- ;g gky rks rc gS ÅtkZ ij “kks/k ,oa fodkl rFkk blds bLrseky ls ikWoj tsujs”ku dk dk;Z vHkh rd futh m|ksxifr;ksa ds gkFk esa ugha x;k gS- ;g Hkh le> esa ugha vkrk fd vHkh rd gfj;k.kk dk izcq) oxZ tuvkØks”k dh vxqokbZ esa u lgh ysfdu lacaf/kr eqíksa ij fu’i{k vkSj fu’diV jgdj ckrphr esa Hkkxhnkjh ds fy;s dksbZ igy rks djrk- ;g Hkh dkfcys xkSj gS fd gfj;k.kk esa ikap fo”ofo|ky;ksa ds gksrs gq, bl pfpZr eqís ij vHkh rd dksbZ vdkneh; okrkZyki] laxks’Bh vFkok cgl ugha gqbZ- lquk gS fd U;wfDy;j ikWoj dkiksZjs”ku us izHkkfor bykds esa ijek.kq ÅtkZ ds Qk;nksa ds ckjs esa loZlk/kkj.k dks lwfpr djus ds fy;s dqN ek=k esa izpkj lkexzh dk forj.k djok;k Fkk tks fd uk&ekdwy vkSj uk&dkQh ekuk x;k- gfj;k.kk ds fo”ofo|ky;ksa esa vPNh oSKkfud if=dkvksa &tSls fd fQft+dy jhO;w ySVlZ] uspj] lkbal vkSj djaV lkbal] [kjhnus ij yk[kksa #i;s izfro’kZ [kpsZ tkrs gSa ysfdu ;gka ds v/;kid oxZ dks vius ipksaZ ds fy;s bu if=dkvksa esa jsQjsal <wa<us vkSj ;nk&dnk yksdfiz; if=dkvksa vkSj v[kckjksa esa buds lgkjs ¼;wa dgsa fd udy ekjdj Hkk’kkUrj djds½ ys[k fy[kus ls Qqjlr feys rHkh rks os vius izns”k dh xaHkhj oSKkfud pqukSfr;ksa ds ckjs esa fopkjiwoZd dqN fy[ksaxs ;k viuh jk; nsaxs- yxrk gS os Hkh ukSdj”kkg oSKkfudksa dh rjg ukSdj”kkg ekLVjksa ljh[kk O;ogkj djus esa gh lqdwu eglwl djus yxs gSa-

bl le; xksj[kiqj vkSj vklikl ds xkaoksa esa ijek.kq ÅtkZ dks ysdj mDr eqíksa ij xaHkhj ppkZ djus dh t:jr gS u fd iz”kklfud e”khujh dk bLrseky djds Hkw&Lokfe;ksa dks nckus dh dksf”k”kksa dks rst fd;k tk;s- muds lkFk Hkkxhnkjh vkSj iquLFkkZiuk iSdstksa dh ppkZ djus dh t:jr gS u fd tkudkjh ds muds Lrj dh f[kYyh mM+kus vkSj mUgsa lwpukfoghu j[kus dh- blds lkFk gh xksj[kiqj ds fdlkuksa dh ;qok ih<+h dks ;g tku ysuk pkfg;s fd ljdkj vkSj dkuwu ds gkFk cgqr yacs gksrs gSa- blfy;s losZ ds fy;s xkao esa x;s rglhynkj vkSj vU; dfeZ;ksa dks ?ksjus vkSj canh cukus ls mudh tehu ds vf/kxzg.k dk bjknk ljdkj NksM+us okyh ugha gS- lHkh yksxksa dh t:jrksa ds fctyh iSnk djuk t:jh gks x;k gS- vU; dksbZ fodYi cprk ugha gS] blfy;s tksf[ke rks mBkuk gh iM+sxk] vc pkgs og U;wfDy;j ikWoj IykaV ds :i esa gks ;k Bksdj [kkdj fxj dj ejus ls-

Innovative strategy needed to deal with agitation
against proposed nuclear power plant at Fatehabad
By looking at the art of naming itself as national level political party with registration with the Election Commission of India, the actual status of a few was effectively found smaller or medium that acclaimed by many in India. By having only marginal support in the electorate with some populist announcements these political parties had the chance to elevate themselves on a few occasions to assume power and the seat of the Government in a State of the Union of India. What mechanism do the parties really adopt for announcing decisions on issues of national importance that may be as critical as taking to modern outlook towards new-age science and technological devices for ensuring survival of a nation? For example, take a considered stand of the Indian National Lok Dal on continuing protest against setting up of a nuclear power plant in district Fatehabad of Haryana. If ever set up, it will become the first of its kind north of Rawatbhata in Rajasthan and according to plans of the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL), may be made operational by 2015. The Corporation is an engineering and power producing arm of the nuclear establishment of India, which is famous for everything than transparency and sharing information with the people. Its supremos directly report to the Prime Minister of India. Its budget is never discussed in the Parliament of India by the representative of the Republic. Instead, an annual performance budget at the time of the Budget Session of the Parliament is placed on the table of the House that is approved without any comments ever since the Department of Atomic Energy came to be established by the government of India. No doubt, it has functioned with illustrious Heads such as Homi Jehangir Bhabha whom Nehru used to like very much. The establishment has run on its reputation of ably handling the nuclear science and technology in India, but its functioning remains shrouded in a thick veil more in the name of security and diplomacy than openness. In this scenario even the expression of doubts about the safety of the people and other form of life in the hinterlands of the proposed giant nuclear reactors such as Jaitapur (Maharashtra), Kundankulam (Tamil Nadu) and Fatehabad (Haryana) have become questionable. It is also not known if at any stage the representative of INLD were ever taken into confidence and consultations.
Secondly, the acumen of the political parties in understanding the complex issues related to science and technology with regard to nuclear energy is questionable as regional level political parties cannot be expected to have on its cadre or on listed service independent and highly knowledgeable consultants for taking sound advice. As of now, 1503 acres of agricultural land stands notified for acquisition and subsequent payment of money in cash to the farmers living mainly in Gorakhpur village as well as four other villages in its vicinity. A few units of an indigenously developed pressurized heavy water reactor are proposed to be installed at the Gorakhpur site. This has generated a wave of fear ever since the public announcement on this issue. The farmers, whose land has come under the hammer have been protesting for over 22 months against the decision of the government for acquisition of the agricultural and fertile land and asking for withdrawal of the decision fearing that it may cause irreparable damage to the life and land if ever a major accident occurs releasing into atmosphere radioactive gases.
It is well known that political parties cannot jeopardize their political future by making wrong judgements on projects that ensure economic progress of the people, particularly the power generating projects on which the progress of the people has almost become dependent if the new generation have to take up new kind of jobs. It was gathered that the said decision by the top guns within the INLD, which seem to favour the general opinion of the older generation of farmers of Gorakhpur and surrounding villages, was taken in consultation with the members of the Political Advisory Committee of the party. The stand taken by the INLD, considering its face value, does not look like a regular line of protest and disagreement with the incumbent political party that has now run the Govt of the State for a second term.
A fresh news report that appeared in a section of the Press (entitled –‘Nuke plant will put many lives at risk: INLD’, The Hindustan Times, 1 July 2012) has again brought the issue on the hot plate in the wake of the agitation recently assuming a new form under Shri Hans Raj Siwach, the Headman of Gorakhpur. The Committee headed by him has launched a public contact program to garner support from other corners of Haryana. Obviously, it does inspire neither the NPCIL nor the supremos of the Congress party that runs the affairs of the State. The dialogue between the State, NPCIL, other political groups and the representative of the affected farmers nowadays stands off a compromise. Guarantee for an accidental leakage never to occur in future spewing radioactive substances in the vicinity cannot be given by the authorities of the NPCIL. Thinking on these lines is not only undesirable but also impracticable by any means viewing the history of the nuclear energy producing power plants across the countries of the world. Even the awareness program run by the governmental agencies and distribution of public information literature have not pacified the farmers who ever remain apprehensive about the safety aspects as well as issues of livelihood. An amicable solution seems a farther goal. It looks as if the mind and vision of a small number of intelligentsia of the State has become atrophied otherwise there could have been public seminars and symposia covering the issues of nuclear energy and its various aspects. The Society for Peoples Advancement, Technology & Heritage (SOPATH), Rohtak is of the view that the State of Haryana should not let the nuclear power plant slip through hands unless the people are made to understand the risk vs benefit ratio. SOPATH is also of the view that an MOU need to be signed between the Govt on the one hand and the representatives of the affected farmers, on the other that may cover all the aspects on which the latter have shown increased anxiety and fear. The deal -sort of a package, needs to also ensure issues of the livelihood in the long term once the farmers get devoid of their ancestral lands. It is worrisome as to why the agencies of Govt have failed to come up with some innovative solutions and why the confrontation could not have been avoided?
The recent crises of shortage of power in the state has invoked enough courage in INLD to launch –following public outrage, agitations in front of  the coal fired power plants. It does not seems that the INLD people have learnt a lesson from the crises and still harping against the nuclear energy. It has now been reported in the press that the DC of Fatehabad, in an address to the farmers, assured of a good package.

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