Saturday, 18 May 2013

Khaap Panchayats and media response


[kki iapk;rsa vkSj mudh dkjZokbZ ds izfr
Hkkjrh; ehfM;k dk #[k

izkjaHk esa gh ;g Li’V djuk mfpr jgsxk fd [kki iapk;rksa vkSj mudh dkjZokbZ ds izfr T;knkrj ehfM;kdehZ vKkuh gSa vkSj os gesa vdlj fojks/kh iky+s esa cSBs utj vkrs gSaA vk”p;Ztud ckr ;g Hkh gS gfj;k.kk ds vf/kdrj cqf)thoh] tks fd okeiaFkh fopkjk/kkjk ds leFkZd gSa vkSj ftUgsa gfj;k.kk ds yksxksa ds lkaLd`frd bfrgkl ds ckjs esa iwjh tkudkjh ugha gS] bUgha yksxksa dk lkFk nsrs gq, utj vkrs gSaA ehfM;k esa bUgha yksxksa }kjk tkV [kki iapk;rksa ds fo#) ckSf)d foospuk dh pk”kuh esa Mwcs gq, ys[k izdkf”kr gksrs gSa ftuls vketu esa ;g /kkj.kk curh gS fd [kki iapk;rsa ekuokf/kdkj fojks/kh gSa] os ccZj dkjZokbZ dh leFkZd gSa vkSj mUgsa U;k; djuk ugha vkrkA blds vykok tc Hkh dksbZ ,slh ?kVuk gksrh gS ftlesa [kki iapk;rksa dh Hkwfedk curh gS rks ehfM;k esa ,slh fjiksVksaZ dh Hkjekj gks tkrh gS ftlls mudh Nfo vkSj Hkh nkxnkj cuk nh tkrh gS vkSj iz”kklu] U;k;ikfydk vkSj fo/kkf;dk ds fy;s ,slh nckoiw.kZ ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk l`tu fd;k tkrk gS ftlls os dksbZ u;k dkuwu cukdj [kki iapk;rksa dks xSj&dkuwuh ?kksf’kr dj nsaA bl ekeys esa la;eh] bfrgkl&laLd`fr ds tkudkj vkSj tkV dkSe ds cqf)thoh rVLFk cus jgrs gSa vkSj mudh dksbZ Hkwfedk Hkh ehfM;k esa utj ugha vkrhA “kk;n bldk ,d dkj.k ;g Hkh gS os ,d rks bruk fuf’Ø; gSa fd xyr rjhds ls is”k dh tkus okyh ckrksa ds fo#) dye ugha mBkrsA nwljk] muds ikl dksbZ ,slk eap ugha gS ftls ehfM;k fu’i{k vkSj viuk nksLr ekusA ;s yksx ehfM;k ds fy;s izks&,fDVo ugha gSa vFkkZr dqN gksus ls igys gh mlds ckjs fopkj djds l{ke gksdj dkjZokbZ dj ldsa ,slk dksbZ ix ugha mBkrsA gfj;k.kk dk viuk u rks dksbZ Vh-oh- pSuy gS vkSj u gh dksbZ izfrf’Br nSfud v[kckjA blfy;s gfj;k.kk ls lacaf/kr tks Hkh fjiksVsaZ Vsyhfotu vkSj v[kckjksa ds vykok if=dkvksa esa izlkfjr@izdkf”kr gksrh gSa mu lcds eq[; fBdkus ;k gSMDokVZj ;k rks paMhx<+ vkSj fnYyh esa gSa vFkok mÙkjizns”k vkSj e/;izns”k esa tSlk fd nSfud tkxj.k vkSj nSfud HkkLdj ds ekeys esaA ,d ckr vkSj Hkh gS fd fgUnh Hkk’kk ds tulapkj ek/;eksa tSls fd v[kckj vkSj if=dk,a ,slh ugha ekuh tkrha ftuesa izdkf”kr fjiksVksaZ ij uhfrK] ljdkjh veyk] U;k;ikfydk,a vkSj fo/kkf;dk,a dksbZ xaHkhj roTtksa ysaA blfy;s tks Hkh vljnkj fjiksVsaZ Nirh ;k izlkfjr gksrh gSa os ;k rks vaxzsth Hkk’kk ds Vsyhfot+u pSuYl ij izlkfjr gksrh gSa vFkok vaxzsth Hkk’kk ds izfrf’Br v[kckjksa tSls fd fn fVªC;wu] fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k] fn fgUnqLrku VkbEl vkSj bafM;u ,DLizsl esaA laln dk l= py jgk gks rks bu v[kckjksa dh izfr;kas dks gekjs ekuuh; lkaln vanj ys tkrs gSa vkSj ygjk&ygjk dj vU; lnL;ksa dk /;ku buesa Nih gqbZ mu lqf[Zk;ksa dh vksj vkdf’kZr djrs gSa ftuesa [kki iapk;rksa ds ckjs fVIif.k;ka ;k fjiksVsaZ izdkf”kr gqbZ gSaA os tksj nsdj ;g dgrs gSa fd gfj;k.kk esa [kki iapk;rsa funZ;h vkSj vR;kpkjh gks xbZ gSa blfy;s bu ij dkuwuh vadq”k yxk;k tkuk t:jh gSA
;g le>uk t:jh gS fd ;fn ehfM;k esa [kki iapk;rksa ds vfLrRo] mudh ,sfrgkfld Hkwfedk vkSj dkjZokbZ ,oa fofHkUu eqíksa ij le;&le; ij fy;s fu.kZ;ksa ds ckjs esa dksbZ vuko”;d vkSj vkifÙktud fVIi.kh dh tkrh gS vFkok foxr esa dh tkrh jgh gSa rks izfrdkjLo:i u dsoy mudk ckSf)d vkSj dkuwu lEer tokc fn;k tkuk t:jh gS cfYd ;g loky mBk;k tkuk Hkh t:jh gS fd ehfM;k esa ys[kd] fVIi.khdkj] fjiksVZj vkSj laiknd bu fo’k;ksa ds ckjs esa fdruh tkudkjh j[krs gSaA vc rd bl ckjs esa ftrus Hkh ys[k] fjiksVsZa vkSj laikndh; fVIif.k;ka izdkf”kr gqbZ gSa D;k os i=dkfjrk O;olk; ds fy;s ykxw vfyf[kr uSfrd vkpj.k lafgrk ds nk;js esa jgh gSa vFkok ughaA D;k mUgksaus [kki iapk;rksa ds ckjs esa mPp Lrjh; tkudkjh j[kus okys rVLFk izcq) oxZ ,oa [kki ds pkS/kfj;ksa dk i{k Hkh yksxksa ds lkeus j[kk vFkok dsoy ,d&i{kh; ckr djrs gq, [kkiksa ds fo#) ,d fuanuh; vfHk;ku ek= gh pyk;kA bl ekeys esa izsl dh Hkwfedk dks lansgkLin rks ugha dgk tk ldrk ysfdu fofHkUu fjiksVksaZ] ys[kksa vkSj laikndh; ys[kksa ds v/;;u ,oa fo”ys’k.k ls ;g t:j Li’V gks x;k gS fd mUgksaus tks Hkh izdkf”kr fd;k gS mlesa rVLFk Hkko dk ?kksj vHkko fn[kkA mudh bl ckSf)d deh ij vkt rd vaxqyh blfy;s ugha mBk;h xbZ fd ¼1½ [kki ds vf/kdrj pkS/kjh lhns&lk/ks gSa] vkSj ¼2½ tkV xks= [kkiksa ls lac) tkfr ds cqf)thfo;ksa us rRdky gh izcq) :i ls l”kDr tokc ugha fn;kA blfy;s ehfM;k ;g eku dj py jgk gS fd os tks dqN is”k djrs gSa izfrdkj ds vHkko esa og ekU; gks x;k gS] tcfd okLro esa ,slk dqN ugha gSA tkVksa esa vusd rVLFk cqf)thoh tks fd dkuwu] foKku] lekt “kkL=] /keZ”kkL=] U;k;”kkL=] jktuhfr vkSj dwVuhfr rFkk O;oLFkk ds ekeys esa fo}ku dgs tkrs gSa bl ekeys esa <hys jgs gSa blfy;s “kk;n ehfM;kxq: tks th esa vk;s og fy[krs tk jgs gSaA ns[kk x;k gS bl ekeys esa os Hkh la;e ls dke ugha ys jgs gSa tcfd xks= [kki vFkok loZ[kki ds izfrfuf/k;ksa us vikj la;e dk ifjp; fn;k gSA vHkh rd vusd ekeyksa esa [kkiksa dh Hkwfedk ij vaxqyh blfy;s mBrh jgh gS fd mudh vkM+ esa vijk/kh vdlj laj{k.k ysrs ns[ks x;s gSa tcfd T;knkrj ,sls vijk/k tks O;Ld O;fDr;ksa ds oSokfgd laca/kksa vFkok lsDl laca/kksa dh fcukg ij mitrs gSa [kkiksa dh eatwjh ls dHkh ?kfVr ugha gq,A ;fn gj O;fDrxr ekeys esa ?kVukvksa dh vko`fÙk vkSj le;c)rk dks ntZ fd;k tk;s rks irk yxrk gS fd dksbZ ?kVuk ;k nq?kZVuk rks igys gks pqdh ysfdu [kki ds ikl og ekeyk ckn esa vk;kA [kki ds pkS/kfj;ksa vFkok eqf[k;k yksxksa vFkok iapksa ij ;g vk{ksi yxkuk fd os vU;k; ds i{k/kj gSa mfpr ugha gksxkA loky ;g mBrk gS fd muds fu.kZ; dks mfpr ,oa ekU; cukus ds fy;s ifjikfV;ka T;knk lqn`< lanHkZ gSa vFkok ns”k dk dkuwu \ ;fn ge dkuwu dk “kklu vFkkZr :y vkQ ykW dh ckr djsa rks ik;saxs fd dsoy pan ekeyksa esa gh [kkiksa ds eqf[k;kvksa ds fu.kZ; ysus fd izfØ;k esa u dsoy O;fDr ds izkd`frd vf/kdkjksa cfYd :y vkQ ykW dk Hkh mYya?ku gqvk gSA [kkiksa ds eqf[k;k yksxksa dh xyrh flQZ bruh gksrh gS fd mUgksaus vijkf/k;ksa ds lkFk ujeh dk O;ogkj fd;kA O;fDr us ;fn okLro esa gh t?kU; vijk/k fd;k gS rks [kki }kjk mldk cpko djus dh vis{kk mls ns”k dh dkuwuh izfØ;k ds nk;js esa ykdj iqfyl vFkok U;k;ky; ds lqiqnZ dj nsuk pkfg;s` rkfd U;k; gks ldsA ysfdu ehfM;k dh ckr djsa rks ,sls eqdnesa os [kqn gh pykus yxs gSa vkSj fu.kZ; Hkh nsus yxs gSa fd ^xks=&[kki vFkok loZ[kki xSj&dkuwuh laxBu gS] eqf[k;k Lo;a&Hkw gSa vkSj os ew[kZ rFkk xaokj gSaA [kkiksa ij izfrca/k yxk;k tkuk pkfg;s vkfn&vkfnA* fiNys fnuksa ehfM;k esa izdkf”kr dqN lqf[kZ;ksa vkSj etewu ls fy;s x;s m)j.kksa ij utj Mkysa rks mDr ckr lgh lkfcr gksrh gSA mnkgj.k nsf[k;s%&
1-     fnukad 24 tqykbZ 2009 dks ^fn fVªC;wu* eas [kcj dk “kh’kZd Fkk &’Haryana Khap panchayat at it again (23 year old youth lynched for marrying same gotra girl in Narwana’  vxys fnu blh v[kckj esa u dsoy fQj ,d [kcj Nih &^He died for her, but she takes a U-turn’ cfYd laikndh; Hkh ftldkkh’kZd gS &Who Rules Haryana? The law or the khaps?

ys[k dk igyk okD; gh ;g crkrk gS fd gfj;k.kk eas dkuwu vkSj O;oLFkk ds utfj;s ls vjktdrk dh vksj ,d dne vkSj vkxs ljd x;k gS D;ksafd ,d ;qod us vius gh xks= dh ,d O;Ld yM+dh ls fookg dj fy;kA ftl vk/kkj ij v[kckj us ;g fVIi.kh dh og jsr dk igkM+ gS D;ksafd yM+ds vkSj yM+dh dk xks= vyx&vyx FkkA ,d dk xks= eksj Fkk rks nwljs dk HkuokykA gka] yM+dh okyksa dh vksj ls yM+ds dks ?ksj dj ekjuk ljklj t?kU; vijk/k gS ftlds fy;s yM+dh okyksa dks vo”; gh vijk/kh ?kksf’kr djds dkuwu ds rgr ekU; ltk nh tkuh pkfg;sA ysfdu ;g le> ugha vkrk fd blds fy;s v[kckj ds laikndh; ys[kd us] tks fu”p; gh v[kckj dk eqykfte gksxk] ;g dSls le> fy;k fd blds fy;s [kki nks’kh gS tcfd ?kVuk ds oDr [kki rks ogka Fkh gh ugha vkSj u gh [kki dk dksbZ pkS/kjh ;k eqf[k;kA ;g rks dsoy fla?kokyk xkao esa yM+dh ds ifjokj vkSj lacaf/k;ksa dh gh dkjxqtkjh Fkh tks fd vkijkf/kd FkhA ysfdu v[kckj us [kki dks gh dV?kjs esa [kM+k dj fn;kA v[kckj us tks ekSfyd xyrh dh gS mlds nks’k dh ltk Hkh D;k mls [kki gh nsxhA D;k izfrdkj ds :i esa [kki vius bykds esa ^fn fVªC;wu* lewg ds v[kckjksa dh fcØh vFkok forj.k can djok nsxh \ ysfdu mUgksaus ,slk ugha fd;kA nwljh vksj viuh ekSfyd xyrh dks v[kckj us Hkh fNik;k tks fd uSfrd :i ls vukpj.k gSA
2-     fnYyh ls Nius okys izfrf’Br v[kckj ^fn fgUnqLrku VkbEl* ds fnukad 24 tqykbZ 2009 ds vad esa ,d dkWye dh [kcj Nih ftldk “kh’kZd Fkk &^;wFk fdYM Qkj vkWuj bu gfj;k.kk* tks fd fla?kokyk xkao esa ?kfVr mijksDr ?kVuk ls gh lacaf/kr gSA ;g ckr rks lgh gS fd vku cpkus dh [kkfrj yM+ds dks ?ksj dj ekjk x;kA v[kckj ds fjiksVZj }kjk than ls Hksth xbZ bl [kcj esa ;g fy[kuk Hkh Bhd gks ldrk fd ^19 ekpZ dks eksj [kki us cSBd djds yM+ds ds fy;s l[r ltk dk Qjeku tkjh fd;k*A ysfdu blls ;g lkfcr ugha gksrk fd eksj xks= dh [kki us ;g Qjeku tkjh fd;k fd yM+ds dks ?ksj dj tku ls ekj fn;k tk;sA D;k fn fgUnqLrku VkbEl dk fjiksVZj fo”kky tks”kh vkSj v[kckj ds laiknd vkSj izdk”kd ;g ckr crk ldrs gSa fd muds }kjk fyf[kr ^fLVªDV ,D”ku* dk vFkZ Hkuokyk [kki esa yM+dh ds ifjokj us ;g le> fy;k gks fd yM+ds dks tku ls ekjuk gSA blfy;s ,d ifjokj ds lnL;ksa }kjk fd;s x;s t?kU; vijk/k ds ekeys dks [kki ds flj Fkksiuk mfpr ugha tku iM+rkA nwljh vksj ekjs x;s yM+ds ds xkao esa eksj [kki us cnys dh dkjZokbZ djus dh tks /kedh nh mldk vFkZ Hkh D;k eksj xks= ds lHkh yksx ;gh le>saxs fd tku ds cnys esa tku gh ysuh gS pkgs og vijk/kh dh gks ;k csdlwjokj dhA blfy;s bl ekeys esa iqfyl dk oDrh izca/k gh dke vk;kA ysfdu Hkfo’; esa bu nksuksa [kkiksa ds chp tks ruko gS og D;k :i ysxk vkSj mldh fuxjkuh dkSu j[ksxk] dksbZ ugha tkurkA vkSj] D;k iqfyl gj fnu vkSj vkBksa igj fdlh nq?kZVuk dks Vkyus ds fy;s pkSdl gh cSBh jgsxhA bl ekeys esa ehfM;k us vius tkSgj fn[kk fn;s ysfdu D;k [kki ds izcq) O;fDr;ksa us dksbZ ehfM;k&,D”ku fy;k rkfd fLFkfr dh Bhd&C;kuh gks lds \ dqN blh rtZ ij fnYyh ls Nius okys Hkkjr ds izfrf’Br v[kckj ^fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k* esa Hkh 24 tqykbZ dks tks [kcj Nih Fkh mldk “kh’kZd Fkk &^eSu fyUPM QkWj eSjhax vkmVlkbM [kki*A
3-     vc tjk vU; v[kckjksa ds “kh’kZdksa vkSj ys[kksa ij Hkh utj Mkysa%
¼v½ uhyks[ksM+h esa gfj;k.kk baLVhV~;wV vkWQ :jy MsoysieWUV esa  
dalYVsaV ds in ij fu;qDr j.kchj flag dk ^Combating khap panchayats in Haryana* “kh’kZd ls ^fn fVªC;wu* ds 26 tqykbZ ds vad esa izdkf”kr ys[k ftlesa mUgksaus [kki iapk;rksa dh dk;Ziz.kkyh vkSj fu.kZ; izfØ;k dks izHkkfor djus okys dkj.kksa ij izdk”k Mkyus vkSj muds fujkdj.k ds dkjxj mik; lq>kus dh ctk; [kki iapk;rksa dks gh nks’kh djkj nsdj mUgsa dV?kjs esa [kM+k dj fn;kA mUgksaus fookg laca/kksa ds ekeys esa mBus okys fooknksa ds vusd vlacaf/kr dkj.k fxuk fn;s tks fd mudh utj esa :jy MsoysiesaV ds fy;s t:jh gksus pkfg;sA xks;k fd muds fxuk;s dkj.kksa dks nwj dj fn;s tkus ls leL;k dk lek/kku gks tk;sxkA ehfM;k esa tkus ls igys ,sls izcq) yksxksa dks ckjhdh ls “kks/k dk;Z djds lgh mik; lq>kus pkfg;saA
¼vk½ >Ttj ls ^fn fVªC;wu* ds laoknnkrk johUnz lSuh dh 29 tqykbZ
2009 dh U;wt+ fjiksVZ ftldk “kh’kZd Fkk ^Khap gives Gehlout family 48 hours*A blds ckn fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k esa fnukad 31 tqykbZ dks Nis laikndh; ys[k dk “kh’kZd &^End Honour Killings* vkf[kj fdl “kSyh ds ys[k gSa vkSj dSls euksHkko laizsf’kr djrs gSa \ fn VkbEl vkWQ bafM;k ds laikndh; esa fla?kokyk xkao esa fookg laca/k dks ysdj gqbZ uo;qod dh gR;k ds izfr laln esa /;kukd’kZ.k vkSj [kki iapk;rksa dks t?kU; vijk/k ds leFkZd ds :i esa ns[kk tkuk u dsoy leLr tkV tkfr ds fy;s vekU; ,oa viekutud gS cfYd ,d ek;us esa mPprj laLFkkvksa dh foo”krk dks Hkh fn[kkrk gSA tc ns”k esa vU;= gksus okys vijk/kksa dh tkap ds fy;s ikfyZ;kesaVjh desVh vkSj tkap deh”ku fcBk fn;s tkrs gSa rks bl ekeys esa lalnh; tkap desVh vFkok deh”ku fcBk dj ekeys dks lqy>kus dh igy laln gh D;ksa ugha djrh \ eq>s ugha ekywe dh vkt rd [kki iapk;rksa esa fdlh Hkh lkaln us [kki vFkok loZ[kki dh gksus okyh cSBd esa fgLlk ysus dh tqjZr rd dh gksA rc fnYyh esa cSB dj fnYyh ls Nius okys v[kckjksa dks cxy esa nckdj laln esa igaqpus okys gekjs izfrfuf/k;ksa dh fpark vkSj bUgha pan v[kckjksa esa Nih [kcjksa dh rg rd u igqap dj tks Nik gS mlh ds vk/kkj ij jk; cukus dh izo`fÙk dgka rd mfpr gSA og Hkh lkalnksa esa tks fd ns”k dh lokZsPp fo/kkf;dk ds lnL; gksrs gSa! blh ckr dks ehfM;k esa Nih [kcjksa ds vk/kkj ij vkxs ys tkus okyk us”kuy áweu jkbV~l deh”ku Hkh ;g /;ku esa ugha j[krk gS fd ekSds ij tkdj rQrh”k djuk ekeys dks fuiVkus dh igyh izkd`frd vkSj dkuwuh t:jr gksrh gSA ysfdu izfrf’Br v[kckj ^fn fgUnw* esa 1 vxLr 2009 ds vad esa [kcj Nirh gS fd ^NHRC notice to Haryana over caste panchayats*A vc bl ekeys esa gfj;k.kk ljdkj dh Hkwfedk dgka rd vkSj fdruh gks ldrh gS ;g lc igys ls gh tkurs gSaA <jk.kk xkao esa iqfyl cy Hkst dj gfj;k.kk ljdkj us ns[k gh fy;k Fkk fd ogka fdruk vkSj dSlk fu;a=.k fd;k tkuk laHko gSA ysfdu gfj;k.kk ds vykok tkV vapy vkSj fnYyh esa cSBs fopkjd vkSj fpard rks ;g lksp dj rlYyh dj cSBs gSa fd us”kuy áweu jkbV~l deh”ku }kjk #fp ysus ls [kki iapk;rksa ij t:j gh l[r dkjZokbZ djuh laHko gksxhA os ;k rks eqxkyrs esa gSa vFkok ehfM;k fjiksVksaZ us mUgsa T;knk gh vkosf”kr dj fn;k gSA t:jr gS ehfM;k fjiksVksaZ ij dkjZokbZ u djds bl elys ds lkekftd&vkfFkZd vkSj lajpukRed igyqvksa dks ysdj nh?kZdkyhu dkjZokbZ djukA
vk”p;Ztud ckr rks ;g gS fd okeiaFkh vkSj cgqtu lekt ikfVZ;ka Hkh [kki iapk;rksa dks voS/k ?kksf’kr djokus vkSj mu ij l[r dkuwuh dkjZokbZ djokus dh i{k/kj gSaA tkfgj gS cgqtu lekt ikVhZ dk eq[; vk/kkj xks= [kki iapk;r ugha D;ksafd ijaijk ls lekt ds pkSFks o.kZ esa vkus okyh bl ikVhZ ds T;knkrj drkZ/krkZvksa dk xks= [kki iapk;rksa ls dksbZ [kkl okLrk ugha iM+rk ysfdu fu”p; gh loZ[kki iapk;r vkSj ^iwxk* vFkkZr loZns”kh; egkiapk;r esa rks os Hkh “kkfey gksrs gh gSaA blfy;s xks= [kki vkSj loZ[kki iapk;rksa ij fjiksfVaZx vkSj ys[ku ds ekeys esa ehfM;k dh Hkwfedk dks lq/kkjus ds fy;s tkVksa esa cqf)thfo;ksa dks gh igy djuh gksxh vU;Fkk bu [kkiksa ij yxs cnuqek /kCcksa dks fdlh rjg Hkh /kksuk ukeqefdu gksxkA

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