Sunday, 30 December 2012

Some impression about Agra and urban decay in India


 
Shri Rajeev Gupta, one of the Face Book friends, is socially alive person and thinks a lot about improving the status of Agra –as a world-class heritage city, about its hygiene and public life, about which I have already briefly indicated in one of my recent posts. These posts, accompanied by lots of photographs, were created and posted soon after the conclusion of my 5 day sojourn to Agra, which in itself proved revealing to me. Rajeev called on phone to tell about the views of Devashis Bhattacharya, a Jaipur based businessperson, about tourism in Rajasthan and Agra. What he said may be third person account and not wholly a reproduction of what transpired between the two but the gist is that in the context of tourism –management, service provisions, representation of multi-media and inter-personal communication, Rajasthan is far superior and ahead of UP. There can be various manageable and non-manageable issues about the status of tourist attractions and facilities in addition to the management of the tourist sites and monuments in the two large states of the Indian Union but, nonetheless, my own experience supports the opinion of Mr. Bhattacharya. I have also widely covered several districts of Rajasthan and fairly exposed myself about its rural environs. To myself it appears that in matters of hygiene and order in public spaces Rajasthan offers a far comfortable environment than many cities of UP. In Rajasthan both the rural as well as urban spaces are neat and clean whereas in UP it is filth in most densely populated urban spaces, particularly the cities that have monuments and sites of great heritage value such as Agra, Allahabad and Benaras. Agra Development Agency might have put in huge financial as well as human resources to improve the urban environment through Jawahar Lal Nehru Urban Renewal Mission (JNnURM) but could not achieve much. Whereas Agra has borne too much pressure from both native and foreign tourists, the challenge was equal for Rajasthan. In terms of ancient Hindu science of Vastu that helped founding fathers to establish new cities, Agra was an ideal place as the source of water flows on its northeastern fringes. But this water source called Jamuna, is full of filth nowadays and affords a despicable sight rather than arousing honorable feelings. We can admire the life in the city as pure form of Indian history and tradition but, perhaps, a comparison with a few admired cities of Rajasthan such as Jaisalmer and Udaipur is not fair. What is true about the environment of life and visual character in old sectors of Agra is also true about Jodhpur, the Pink City (Jaipur), Bikaner, Bharatpur (Lohagarh) and a few residential mohallas of Udaipur too, particularly near Baghor ki Haveli. I can say this because as per my habit I traversed on foot the length and breadth of old sectors of the above town and documented it too. And it is happening with the towns of Rajasthan despite the fact that its govt has long back created a 20-year Vision Document for the development of tourism. UP has none.

Now if Mr Bhattacharya and me too are taken seriously, will the governments in UP and Rajasthan listen?


To a non-resident of Agra or a person from other States of the Indian federation the first indicator of an Indian town’s status in modern times is, obviously, the level of public health, cleanliness and hygiene, order in movement and management of traffic and, of course, a disciplined civil life. Therefore, the outer visual inputs play a critical role in providing a quick assessment of the outlook.

When I looked at these indicators for old sectors of Agra, it dawned on me that my city Rohtak is far more orderly, spacious and clean in spite of the fact the growth of Agra has been phenomenon in the past one and a half decades. Whereas massive efforts of rebuilding the infrastructure for Rohtak by the present Hooda Government have certainly provided the city a clean and elegant look. The second phase of the massive funding for building infrastructure in Rohtak took place after a gap of nearly 170 years. Rohtak was afforded the status of a separate district in 1943 and for the next 40 years or so various old type structures were raised to accommodate public offices. Thereafter many were run from rented buildings. In these years the old rickety buildings became so fragile and dilapidated as cried either for massive repair or demolition. The Hooda government preferred the latter option.

Pollution created by vehicles depends on the number of vehicles on roads, smoother movement and the level of technology. In all the major or medium towns of India air pollution has become a menace and great nuisance these days but in a democratic and open market society such as we are terms and lifestyle cannot be dictated for opting public preferences. In the context of Mr. Bhattacharya’s observation about Rajasthan in comparison to Agre, let it be said that even the smaller kasbas in Rajasthan are now witness to similar blitz as big cities such as Kanpur and Delhi. From 1997 to this date I have extensivly documented 22 ‘Thikanaas’ of the Shekhawati region in northern Rajasthan comprised of three districts viz Churu, Jhunjhunu and Sikar. One and a half decades ago when I had started visiting the smaller towns of these districts such as Fatehpur, Ratangarh, Sujangarh, Nawalgarh, Khandela, Udaipurwati, Mandawa, Ramgarh, Bissau, Khetri and Mahansar etc, the life in them appeared slow and sleepy, much like any village in India. These places are now bustling with activity. Although big tourism is still far away for these small towns but, of course, the locals have bought vehicles and most towns that are situated on or near the highways have seen modern day urban sprawl, neglecting the interior sectors that once used to be the pride of these people in the form of the best that traditional Indian art and architecture had to offer. As concrete replaced the sandy alleys for internal navigation water began to flow along the walls of havelis in garbage-filled channels. The seepage started damaging the foundation of magnificent mansions of yore. All sort of vehicles that plied the whole day spilled black smoke from exhausts leaving an indelible impression on the fascia of the painted havelis marring beauty and magnificence. The fescoes on many a haveli have borne the brunt of the vehicular traffic in addition to weathering and aging. Hundreds of tiny shops have come up covering even the podiums and facade of havelis located on the outer fringes of all the above-indicated small towns. Almost all shopkeepers now feel comfortable in displaying their merchandize and fast food packets in a dangling mode unaware of the fact that it becomes an intolerable visual encroachment. As per habit most Indians throw rappers and tetra packs hither and thither as soon as the foodstuff has been consumed. It has a huge menacing potential because it takes several decades’ time before the natural forces disintegrate the plastic, plastic coating and the aluminum coating to make it possible to be absorbed into the soil. However, a casual disposal certainly chokes our drains and spoils the passages and roads. The sweepers’ community has ever been an untrained lousy lot in India and, therefore, the litter is never properly disposed of.

On the other hand Agra is also not free from the suffocating articles of the modern era and several heaps of stinking garbage along the drains that must have been recently excavated from the half-open nullahs (sewage water drains) could be seen lying in the vicinity of the Red Fort and Jama Masjid.

The architectural heritage of the Mughal era at Agra, Sikandara and Fatehpur Sikri are looked after very well by the Archaeological Survey of India but the extreme pressure from the tourism activity in the last two decades has left its ugly mark as millions of footfalls in these great edifices have bruised and rubbed the upper surface of stone slabs of the floors. Corners and cornices have turned shabby because visiting crowds feel pleasure touching the wall or sadistically slipping the hand over them or caressing an embellishment of artwork. I asked many a person in old Agra if they have ever thoroughly seen all the monuments and appreciated them as sentinels of history. They looked almost blank as if I had put a bizarre query. One of them said that all the locals have been watching it since childhood but most of them never felt the urge to see the interiors.  Almost all the open spaces and roadsides outside the monuments at Agra have been encroached or occupied by vendors and taxis in waiting. Not long ago, in 1999, I had entered the Taj from the eastern gate and was delighted to see that was not a single shops on the road up to the JALMA Hospital, now called National JALMA Institute for Leprosy and other Mycobacterial Diseases, a renowned laboratory of Indian Council of Medical Research. The entire area on this as well as the Fatehabad road was as open as a playground. The riverfront in the rear of the Taj, which could be approached through an approach road, is open but a few ugly service structures of service quarters a temple have come up. In just over a decade the open spaces have vanished giving way to hotels of all categories, curio shops, small teashops run from shanties or Rehris, housing colonies and buildings of other sorts. It has been an amazing revelation to see the urban growth of India since 1995, which has posed several unique and unmanageable problems for us, particularly new challenge if the sprawl affects the immediate environs of a historical and heritage value monument and disturbs its skyline such as the heritage city of Agra and Fatehpur Sikri. However, the skyline of the Mughal structures of yore at Agra could not been affected because of their massive size but the environment around them has certainly deteriorated. Traffic jams in major arterial roads in Agra has become a daily feature, particularly at the Sai ka Takia, MG Road, Bhagwan Talkies, Khandari, Chhipi Tola, Purani Mandi Mod, Belangunz, Jama Masjid, Red Fort Station and Bizli Ghar. Respite from jams is a far away objective for ADA.

Since the times the British came over to Agra, sometime in the late eighteenth century, and developed the Mall road area into a planned agglomeration of the old city, many utility buildings for official, religious and residential purpose were erected. The British era buildings have both English as well as Indian architectural features; a few of them made to appear pleasing to the eye with embellishments done in stucco or dressed brick. For example the buildings of the Cecil House, the GPO, bungalows and the Churches are worth appreciating. The openness of the sectors developed and settled during the British era need to be carefully preserved for posterity as it belongs to the local history of Agra. I could see many old bungalows turned into Hotels such as Agra Hotel and many demolished to give way to multistory business complexes. There should be a ban on such activities as mars the discipline of the space or alters the use.

In the above context, mention must be made of Fatehpur Sikri and Sikandara, which I will do in the next installment.

Thursday, 25 October 2012

Agony and redress for molestation & rape of women in Haryana

Haryana rocked by rapes
Time for social reform movement
by D.R. Chaudhry
A large number of rape cases in Haryana in the recent past have rocked the state. Since September 9, when a Dalit girl in a village in Hissar district was gang-raped, as many as 21 rape cases have occurred in the state. 

As stressed editorially in The Tribune (October 10), “Instead of hiding behind some data, the callous bureaucrats should read the fine print behind crimes against women and treat them with sensitivity.” It further emphasises the point (October 11) by pointing out that “you will find the entire discourse of the state and the law and order machinery revolving around seeking justification for such crimes…When such insensitivity exists among those who are supposed to take care of the vulnerable sections of society, it explains why crime against women continues to be on the rise.”
It is an open secret that the law-enforcing agencies in Haryana have become dysfunctional and are amenable to all kinds of socio-political pressures and economic allurements. One cannot expect speedy action from this decrepit structure against criminals. This understanding drove the father of a girl, a victim of gang-rape in Hissar district, and a similarly placed girl in Jind district to commit suicide.

The quality of the administrative structure in Haryana, undoubtedly, has contributed to the menace of mass rapes in the state. However, its roots are deeper and the problem needs sociological analysis to grasp the essence of the phenomenon. Haryana is a male-dominated society with strong patriarchal structures. Woman has always been treated as an inferior creature here. The common male perception about women in Haryana’s rural hinterland is very painful. There are many adages denigrating woman popular in the folklore in the state. If a woman tries to argue to stress her individuality she is dubbed as one whose “sir phir gaya hai” (her mind has gone astray). The male often says, “Jo jiada bolti hai wohi pitati hai (the one who speaks too much gets beaten up).

The highly skewed sex ratio in Haryana is an important contributory factor. Haryana’s record in this respect is the worst not only in India but also in the whole world. Even Sub-Saharan African countries often afflicted with civil war, epidemics and famine have a better record than Haryana. According to the 2011 census, the child sex ratio in Haryana is 830 girls for 1,000 boys. Many a youth has to bear the curse of chronic bachelorhood. In every big village in Haryana there are several hundred young men with no prospect of getting married. To meet this deficit the girls are bought from distant places and sold in Haryana. They are mere commodities to satiate male lust.
Unemployment has further added woes to the youths. The failure of law and order machinery, the pain of bachelorhood and unemployment make a lethal cocktail which has thrown up a large number of lumens in society for whom crime is a major occupation, especially with regard to women. Some khap leaders in Haryana have suggested a novel solution to deal with the problem. Lower the age of marriage and the problem would disappear. The suggestion is bizarre, to say the least. A six-year-old girl was gang-raped in Gurgaon recently. Should the girls aged six be married off?

A good number of the girls raped so far are teen-agers. There are instances of married women raped by married men. In Kaithal district, a five-month pregnant woman was raped by two men. In the Hissar rape case, four of the rapists are married. Early marriage involves the risk of early childbirth which causes death of many such mothers, according to the Human Rights Watch.
The khap panchayats claim to be the custodians of social morality. On the slightest deviation from the marital norms set by them, they have been organising the social boycott of families and often creating mass frenzy resulting in the cases of honour killings. Why don’t they apply the same standard to deal with rapists in the state? By following their logic, they should have banned the entry of the rapists in their respective villages and approached their families to disown them, failing which such families should have been ostracised.

The argument of lowering the marriageable age on grounds of girls reaching the biological age at 15 or 16 tends to put the blame on the girls for their rape. On reaching the biological age they are supposed to invite the male for fornication which later on is passed off as rape. One Congress leader has lent weight to this argument by suggesting that 90 per cent rapes in the state are consensual.

This worldview is in tune with the recent decision of some khap panchayats in western UP prohibiting girls from using mobile phones, wearing jeans, going to market alone, etc. Lowering the marriage age would deprive the girls of higher education and jobs. This is what the khaps want, to make the girls galley slaves in the four walls of their houses.
A holistic approach is needed to tackle the problem in its totality. The present development model based on GDP, FDI, etc, and building some industrial hubs which are fast becoming unmanageable monstrous habitats — Gurgaon provides an apt illustration — leaving the bulk of the population languishing in poverty and squalor has to be given up. The crisis in agriculture has to be tackled to make small landholding so viable as to provide occupation to a family’s youths by diversifying it through setting up cottage and agro-industries and promoting dairy and animal husbandry and other agriculture-related activities.

Unfortunately, the state is depriving peasants of their traditional occupation without providing any alternative, especially in the NCR region. Peasants in this region these days can be heard complaining: “Sarkar hamare khood bikwane par tuli huai hai” (the government is bent upon selling off our land.) The nexus involving land speculators, builders and property dealers on the one hand and our political and bureaucratic elite on the other is too evident now to need elaboration. This would prove ruinous in times to come.

The law and order agencies must be whipped to shed off their complacence and corrupt practices. Over and above all this, the problem relates to civil society, which is at present fragile in the state. Haryana needs a powerful social reform movement to confront and overturn its patriarchal structures. This is a challenge to all those who are genuinely worried at the present state of affairs in the state.
(Accessed from www.tribuneindia.com on 25 Oct. 2012 at 1420 hrs.)
____________________________________ 

In response to above article the following response was sent to The Tribune via e-mail for consideration of publication but it seems to have been rejected. Hence its reproduction here for kind perusal by friends and followers:


Molestation of women preventable
only through emancipation


I couldn’t have expected Prof. D.R.Chaudhry to be as non-descript and inconspicuous in building tangible arguments followed by lack of effective and feasible solutions than in his article (Haryana rocked by rapes –time for social reform movement, in The Tribune, Oct.19, 2012). Instead of fetching socially feasible plans, the article has atoned itself as another piece of accusation on political and administrative machinery and attempts to singularly holding deficient governance to intervene into intangible matters. Does Prof Chaudhry mean that the political masters should start harshly intervening into the intangible lives of the people through the ‘brutish’ police force and ‘insensitive’ district officers? Are these professional bodies so naïve as couldn’t see the design of a ‘rapist’ or his accomplice in addition to reading the mindset of those that may commit a ‘honor killing’ sometime in the future. Culling news items from daily papers and compiling only those facts, figures and responses in a selective and purposeful manner as could enable an author to easily advance his point of view is the job of novices and not of person having the status of Prof Chaudhry. One cannot take Folklore as an express statement about the status of women in Haryana, in perpetual submission and secondary to masculinity.  With education and good teachers we could have transformed the male attitude and status of womanhood in Haryana. Regularly putting Haryana into awful light on grounds of rapidly occurring incidents of rape, honor killing, land scams, deficiency of governance looks as if the media-scanner is more forceful than the individual culturing and enhancement in so many other sectors such as sports, IT, teaching, health, apparel designing, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, nutrition, automobiles and marketing. If our women remain uneducated, unhealthy, physically weak, confined to homes and timid good governance and even a vigil police cannot prevent rapes and honor killings. And, never through Prof Chaudhry’s assailing suggestions, I feel. As preventive medicine, our socially relevant interventional strategies have to be planned through brainstorming sessions by social activists, high profile teachers and professional, which could be implemented with full steam for a period of at least two decades through the joint mechanism put in place by Khaps, Universities, NGOs and the media. We have the Bibipur model before us that need to be streamlined and pursued with vigor for better results. By the way, are we really interested in framing a policy for woman’s emancipation?

Saturday, 20 October 2012

Indian Media reviews 1962 debacle with China on the northern front (भारत के मीडिया में १९६२ में चीन के साथ हुयी जंग की समीक्षा)


पचास साल पहले हिमालय में बर्फीली और दुर्घर्ष उपत्यकाओं में चीन के साथ एक ऐसा युद्ध हमने लड़ा था जैसा द्वितीय महायुद्ध के समय हिटलर की फौजों ने रूस के बर्फीले मैदानों में या   नेपोलियन ने आल्प्स पर्वत-श्रेणियों को लांघ कर अथवा स्पेन की ओर बढ़ते हुये पहाड़ी वादियों को पार करते समय लड़ा था. भारत-चीन के बीच हुई जंग के बाद दोनों देशों में अब तक दो नयी पीढ़ियां चुकी हैं. भारत में जो पीढ़ी इस समय जवान है वह इस भयानक जंग और अपमानजनक हार, जिसे विनाश कहना ज्यादा उचित होगा, के बारे में क्या सोचती है ? इसी सोच पर  पर निर्भर करती हैं अनेक बातें. जैसे कि, चीन के साथ रिश्तों की नयी कवायद - जिसमें कूटनैतिक स्तर पर व्यापार, पर्यटन और सांस्कृतिक लेन-देन को प्रमुखता से प्रदर्शित किया जा रहा है. लेकिन बहुतों को यह समझने में कठिनाई होगी यह केवल एक छलावा है. आजकल भारतीय संचार माध्यमों में, ख़ासतौर से अंग्रेजी भाषा के अखबारों और टेलीविज़न चैनलों पर, सन १९६२ में चीन के साथ हुयी जंग की पचासवीं बरसी को याद किया जा रहा है. यादगिरी की इन चर्चाओं के बीच चीन से हुआ वह युद्ध एक आत्म-तुष्टिकरण की कवायद ज्यादा लग रहा है और ईमानदार समीक्षा कम. चीन, जो पाठ हमें पचास साल पहले पढ़ा गया क्या भारत के राजनेताओं, कूटनीतिज्ञों और फौजी योजनाकारों ने उसे पढ़ लिया है. चीन युद्ध से सम्बद्ध ऐतिहासिक दस्तावेजों को पढ़  कर तो अब लगता है कि फौज ने तो वह पाठ उसी दिन पढ़ लिया था लेकिन हमारे राजनेताओं को तो उसकी लिपि भी आज तक समझ में नहीं आयी है, ऐसा भारत का आम आदमी समझ चुका है.

चीन के साथ जब जंग हुयी थी तब मैं दस साल की  उम्र का था और पंजाब में पाकिस्तान की सीमा से सटे हुये जिला फिरोजपुर की छावनी में अपने पिता के साथ मौजूद था. उनकी तैनाती लद्दाख में चुसूल क्षेत्र में हुयी और वे चले गये. महीना भर बाद, सीज़-फायर होने पर लौट आये थे. सन १९६५ में, केवल तीन साल बाद ही पकिस्तान ने पश्चिमी सीमा पर मोर्चा खोल दिया और भारत को युद्ध के लिये ललकारा. हम वहीं, फिरोजपुर में ही थे. इन तीन सालों में मैं १३ साल का हो गया और बहुत सी बातें समझने लगा था. तोप और टेंक के गोले जब घरों के पास -आकर गिरने लगे थे तो हुकुम हुआ कि परिवारों को देश के भीतरी भागों में उनके गांवों और रिश्तेदारों के यहाँ भेज दिया जाये. सो, ताऊजी आकर हमें गाँव ले आये थे. पिताजी आर्मर्ड डिवीज़न की रेजिमेंट में थे. क्या हुआ हमें पता नहीं, लेकिन बाद में समझ आया कि हमारी फौजें बर्की तक पहुंची थीं.

खैर, चीन को लेकर भारत के मीडिया में इन दिनों जो रहा है वैसा चीन के मीडिया में नहीं. यह अंतर बहुत कुछ तो दोनों देशों में मीडिया की आजादी और मिजाज़ पर निर्भर करता है. लेकिन हमारे मीडिया में चीन के साथ हुयी उस 'एकमात्र' जंग के दौरान उन दिनों के भारतीय मीडिया, राजनैतिक व्यवहार अर्थात रेस्पोंस, कूटनैतिक परिवेश और पश्चिमी देशों के रवैये पर

जिस प्रकार से निर्भय होकर या खुल कर विस्तार से लिखा जा रहा है और चर्चाएँ हो रहीं हैं उसे भूतकाल की समीक्षा, वर्तमान का विवेचन और भविष्य की व्यूहरचना के तौर पर देखा जा सकता है. कुछ बातें स्पष्ट हैं: () उत्तरी सीमाओं पर चीन की तैय्यारी हमारे से बेहतर है () समुद्री सीमाओं पर उसकी चुनौती ज्यादा नहीं तो बराबर अवश्य है, ख़ास तौर से उसकी परमाणु शक्ति चालित पनडुब्बियों की संख्या और इनकी परमाणु अस्त्र ले जाने वाली मिज़ाइल के दागे जाने की क्षमता () चीनी सैनिकों की बेहतर बैरकें और भोजन-पानी की व्यवस्था () रसद पहुंचाने की बेहतर क्षमता जो ल्हासा तक बिछाई गयी और प्रत्येक मौसम में चालू रखे जाने की द्रुतगामी रेल सेवा और इसके दक्ष सञ्चालन से संभव हुयी है  () पदाति सैनिकों के लिये बेहतर फील्ड हथियार और उनकी लोकशन बताने वाली तकनीक (अर्थात जी.पी.एस () बेहतर संचार साधन जिनसे कमांड से सैनिक का सम्बन्ध व्यक्तिगत स्तर पर संभव होता है और, अंत में () हमारे से कहीं मजबूत अर्थव्यवस्था, अस्त्र-शस्त्र निर्माण में स्वावलंबन, अंतर-राष्ट्रीय मंचों पर अत्यंत मज़बूत कूटनैतिक स्थिति और चीन के लोगों का चरित्र.

मुझे नहीं लगता कि चीन इतना बेवकूफ देश है कि अपने लोगों की मुश्किलें बढ़ाने, मज़बूत अर्थव्यवस्था को दांव पर लगा कर देश को गर्त में ले जाने, तिब्बत को खो देने के खतरे और अमरीका द्वारा खुल कर उसके विरुद्ध भारत के साथ युद्ध में उतर पड़ने की आशंका के चलते, भविष्य में भारत के साथ कोई युद्ध लड़ने अथवा उलझने का प्रयास करेगा. उसका मकसद पूरा हो रहा है तीन बातों से: () पकिस्तान को हमेशा ही हमारे साथ ठंडे युद्ध में उलझा कर रखने से () तिब्बत में इन्फ्रा-स्ट्रक्चर को बेहद मजबूत करने से और भारत की सीमाओं पर देश-द्रोहियों को लगातार उकसाते रहने और उन्हें घातक  अस्त्र-शस्त्र सप्लाई करते रहने से. चीन से मिली  चुनौती को चीन के तरीके से निपटने के रास्ते निकालने में बिना युद्ध के भारत की जीत असंभव  है. हमें एक नहीं, अनेक मोर्चों पर इन्वेस्ट करना होगा. 

चीन अथवा पकिस्तान से निपटने के लिये तकनीक और मनोविज्ञान के रास्तों पर हमें चलने की जरूरत है. पिछले २० वर्षों में चीन ने इंजीनियरिंग के मामले में जो बढ़त  हासिल की है वह उसके विकसित बौद्धिक-बल और मज़बूत इरादों का प्रमाण है. जैसे कि, दुर्गम मार्गों से रेलवे लाईन बिछा कर ३५० किलोमीटर प्रति घंटा की गति से रेलगाड़ी चलाना, थ्री-गोर्जेस डैम का निर्माण, पुलों और ऐसी इमारतों का निर्माण जिन्हें देखकर मनुष्य दंग  रह जाये, मौलिक विज्ञान के क्षेत्र में शोध-पत्रों की नित बढ़ती संख्या (चाहे गुणवत्ता अभी विश्वस्तर की हो), स्ट्रैटिजि़क माने गये सैनिक साज़ो-सामान के निर्माण में आत्मनिर्भरता हासिल करना, अपने ही वाहन के द्वारा अन्तरिक्ष में मनुष्य को भेजना, इंटर-कांटिनेंन्टल बैलिस्टिक मिज़ाईलों का निर्माण और इन्हें स्थल और पानी के नीचे से दागने की क्षमता  हासिल करना, अद्वितीय कौशल से स्टेट-ऑफ--आर्ट तकनीकों से एक पुराने रशियन एयर-क्राफ्ट कर्रिअर युद्ध-पोत का नवीकरण और इसके संचालन और मारक क्षमता में उच्च स्तर की  अभिवृद्धि करना आदि बहुत से ऐसे उदाहरण  हैं जिनसे चीन का मुकाबला करने में भारत को दांतों पसीना सकता है. हम अपने बेशकीमती संसाधनों का इस्तेमाल विदेशों से अस्त्र-शस्त्र  खरीदने में ज़ाया करते रहे हैं. अपने वैज्ञानिकों और तकनीकिविदों को अभावग्रस्त रखकर उन्हें काम करने के लिये रोजाना कोसते रहे हैं, निरुत्साहित करते रहे हैं और कुछ मामलों में बेइज्ज़ती भी करने से बाज़ नहीं आये हैं. इन बातों को देखकर चीन हमारी खिल्ली उड़ाता रहा है. वैसे, यह विस्मयकारी है कि हमारी फौजों के हौसले बढ़ाये रखने के लिये देश में ज़ज्बात की कमी नहीं है. परन्तु खाली ज़ज्बात से युद्ध नहीं लड़े जाते. हां, भला हो डी.आर.डी के वैज्ञानिकों का जिन्होनें परिश्रम करके सैनिकों को हाई-अल्टीट्यूड वारफेयर के लिये तैयार करने के प्रोटोकोल बनाये, मुश्किल मौसम में महीनों तक ख़राब होने वाली और खाई जा सकने वाली खाद्य-सामग्री का विकास किया और पल-पल बदलने वाले जानलेवा मौसम में भी जिन्दा रहने और युद्ध लड़ने योग्य बने रहने के वास्ते जीवनदायी सामग्री, वस्त्रों और हट्स का विकास किया 

वर्तमान मीडिया हाईप के चलते महत्वपूर्ण सवाल ये हैं कि () क्या सन १९६२ में मौजूद उन राजनैतिक और कूटनैतिक खामियों को दूर किया जा सका है जिनकी वजह से भारतीय फौज को भारी नुक्सान झेलना पड़ा था और जिस युद्ध में हमारे सैनिकों के अदम्य साहस की दुनिया ने तारीफ़ की और अपनी गलितयाँ छिपाने के लिये हमने दुत्कारा () क्या राजनेताओं को घरेलू राजनीती में शुचिता और कूटनैतिक स्तर पर सख्ती बरतने का संदेश दिया जा रहा है ? () क्या मनोवैज्ञानिक स्तर पर फौज के पुराने ज़ख्मों को हरा करके उसे अपमान-मिश्रित गुस्सा दिलाया जा रहा है ? () क्या एक ऐसे दबाव का माहौल बनाया जा रहा है जिसमें राजनेताओं को यह चेतावनी दी जा रही है कि सावधान! अपने निजी स्वार्थों में आकर देश को लूटकर धन-सम्पदा बटोरने में लिप्तता वाली दूषित मनोवृति को छोड़, देश के नव-निर्माण की ओर ध्यान दें ताकि अंतर-राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर सम्मान और आत्म-निर्भर होकर जिया जा सके. अब यह दीखने लगा है कि हमने कोई सबक नहीं सीखा. हमारी राजनैतिक प्रणाली अभी तक मनोवैज्ञानिक स्तर पर इतनी कमज़ोर है कि फौज के आश्वासन के बावजूद चीन की ओर से भयभीत रहती है. क्या मज़ाल कि कोई भारतीय सरकार चीन के बारे में एक शब्द भी उल्टा बोल जाये!

भारत का राज-काज हमेशा से गलत प्रकार के लोगों के हाथ में रहा है. जिन लोगों को राज करना चाहिये वे तो सेवक हैं और जो सेवक होने के काबिल भी नहीं वे राज-कार्य करते हैं!